Synthesis and preliminary evaluation of 211At-labeled inhibitors of prostate-specific membrane antigen for targeted alpha particle therapy of prostate cancer

Ganesan Vaidyanathan, Ronnie Mease, Il Minn, Jaeyeon Choi, Ying Chen, Hassan Shallal, Choong Mo Kang, Darryl McDougald, Vivek Kumar, Martin G. Pomper, Michael R. Zalutsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The high potency and short tissue range of α-particles are attractive features for targeted radionuclide therapy, particularly for cancers with micro-metastases. In the current study, we describe the synthesis of a series of 211At-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) inhibitors and their preliminary evaluation as potential agents for metastatic prostate cancer treatment. Methods: Four novel Glu-urea based PSMA ligands containing a trialkyl stannyl group were synthesized and labeled with 211At, and for comparative purposes, 131I, via halodestannylation reactions with N-chlorosuccinimide as the oxidant. A PSMA inhibitory assay was performed to evaluate PSMA binding of the unlabeled, iodinated compounds. A series of paired-label biodistribution experiments were performed to compare each 211At-labeled PSMA ligand to its 131I-labeled counterpart in mice bearing subcutaneous PC3 PSMA+ PIP xenografts. Results: Radiochemical yields ranged from 32% to 65% for the 211At-labeled PSMA inhibitors and were consistently lower than those obtained with the corresponding 131I-labeled analogue. Good localization in PC3 PSMA+ PIP but not control xenografts was observed for all labeled molecules studied, which exhibited a variable degree of in vivo dehalogenation as reflected by thyroid and stomach activity levels. Normal tissue uptake and in vivo stability for several of the compounds was markedly improved compared with the previously evaluated compounds, [211At]DCABzL and [*I]DCIBzL. Conclusions and implications for patient care: Compared with the first generation compound [211At]DCABzL, several of the novel 211At-labeled PSMA ligands exhibited markedly improved stability in vivo and higher tumor-to-normal tissue ratios. [211At]GV-620 has the most promising characteristics and warrants further evaluation as a targeted radiotherapeutic for prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-80
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Medicine and Biology
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021


  • Alpha emitter
  • Astatine
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate-specific membrane antigen
  • Radionuclide therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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