Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of gabapentin prodrugs that target the human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (hASBT)

Rana Rais, Steven Fletcher, James E. Polli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gabapentin is a zwitterionic drug that exhibits low and variable oral absorption at therapeutic doses. The human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (hASBT; SLC10A2) is a potential prodrug target to increase oral drug absorption. The objective was to evaluate several bile acid conjugates of gabapentin as potential prodrugs that target hASBT. Five analogues were synthesized and varied in ionic nature and the presence or absence of glutamic acid linker between the bile acid and drug. Analogues were evaluated for their inhibition and uptake properties using stably transfected hASBT-MDCK cells. The two monoanionic conjugates were potent hASBT substrates, with high affinity (Km of 16.3 and 5.99 μM) and high capacity (Vmax of 0.656 and 0.842 pmol/cm2/s). The dianionic conjugate inhibited hASBT with moderate potency but was not a substrate. The two monoanionic conjugates were catalytically degraded in Caco-2 homogenate and rat liver microsomes. Each yielded gabapentin from prodrug. These two conjugates are novel prodrugs of gabapentin and illustrate prodrugs that can be designed to target hASBT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1184-1195
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Active transport
  • Apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter
  • Bile acid
  • Bioavailability
  • Gabapentin
  • Permeability
  • Prodrugs
  • Stability
  • Transporters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and in vitro evaluation of gabapentin prodrugs that target the human apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (hASBT)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this