Synthesis and Evaluation of a New 18F-Labeled Radiotracer for Studying the GABAB Receptor in the Mouse Brain

Ravi Naik, Heather Valentine, Robert F Dannals, Dean Foster Wong, Andrew Horti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


New GABAB agonists, fluoropyridyl ether analogues of baclofen, have been synthesized as potential PET radiotracers. The compound with highest inhibition binding affinity as well as greatest agonist response, (R)-4-amino-3-(4-chloro-3-((2-fluoropyridin-4-yl)methoxy)phenyl)butanoic acid (1b), was radiolabeled with 18F with good radiochemical yield, high radiochemical purity, and high molar radioactivity. The regional brain distribution of the radiolabeled (R)-4-amino-3-(4-chloro-3-((2-[18F]fluoropyridin-4-yl)methoxy)phenyl)butanoic acid, [18F]1b, was studied in CD-1 male mice. The study demonstrated that [18F]1b enters the mouse brain (1% ID/g tissue). The accumulation of [18F]1b in the mouse brain was inhibited (35%) by preinjection of GABAB agonist 1a, suggesting that the radiotracer brain uptake is partially mediated by GABAB receptors. The presented data demonstrate a feasibility of imaging of GABAB receptors in rodents and justify further development of GABAB PET tracers with improved specific binding and greater blood-brain barrier permeability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1453-1461
Number of pages9
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 20 2018



  • autism
  • blood-brain barrier permeability
  • GABAB receptor
  • PET
  • radiotracer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

Cite this