Synthesis and biological evaluation of largazole analogues with modified surface recognition cap groups

Pravin Bhansali, Christin L. Hanigan, Lalith Perera, Robert A. Casero, L. M.Viranga Tillekeratne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several largazole analogues with modified surface recognition cap groups were synthesized and their HDAC inhibitory activities were determined. The C7-epimer 12 caused negligible inhibition of HDAC activity, failed to induce global histone 3 (H3) acetylation in the HCT116 colorectal cancer cell line and demonstrated minimal effect on growth. Although previous studies have shown some degree of tolerance of structural changes at C7 position of largazole, these data show the negative effect of conformational change accompanying change of configuration at this position. Similarly, analogue 16a with d-1-naphthylmethyl side chain at C2 too had negligible inhibition of HDAC activity, failed to induce global histone 3 (H3) acetylation in the HCT116 colorectal cancer cell line and demonstrated minimal effect on growth. In contrast, the l-allyl analogue 16b and the l-1-naphthylmethyl analogue 16c were potent HDAC inhibitors, showing robust induction of global H3 acetylation and significant effect on cell growth. The data suggest that even bulky substituents are tolerated at this position, provided the stereochemistry at C2 is retained. With bulky substituents, inversion of configuration at C2 results in loss of inhibitory activity. The activity profiles of 16b and 16c on Class I HDAC1 vs Class II HDAC6 are similar to those of largazole and, taken together with x-ray crystallography information of HDAC8-largazole complex, may suggest that the C2 position of largazole is not a suitable target for structural optimization to achieve isoform selectivity. The results of these studies may guide the synthesis of more potent and selective HDAC inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-541
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2014

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Keywords

  • Antiproliferation
  • Antitumor agents
  • Biological activity
  • Histone deacetylase inhibitors
  • Molecular modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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