Synthesis and Assessment of Peptide Gd-DOTA Conjugates Targeting Extradomain B Fibronectin for Magnetic Resonance Molecular Imaging of Prostate Cancer

Yajuan Li, Zheng Han, Sarah Roelle, Aidan DeSanto, Rob Sabatelle, Rebecca Schur, Zheng Rong Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Contrast enhanced MRI is commonly used in imaging and treatment planning of prostate cancer. However, no tumor targeting contrast agent is commercially available for accurate detection and characterization of prostate cancer with MRI. Extradomain B fibronectin (EDB-FN), an oncoprotein present in aggressive tumors, is a promising molecular target for detection and stratification of high-risk prostate cancer. In this work, we have identified four small peptides (GVK, IGK, SGV, and ZD2) specific to EDB-FN for tumor targeting. In silico simulations of the binding patterns and affinities of peptides to the EDB protein fragment revealed different binding site to different peptide in the ligand-receptor interactions. Tumor specificity and organ distribution of the peptides were assessed using fluorescence imaging in male mice bearing PC-3 human prostate cancer xenografts. Targeted contrast agents were synthesized by conjugating tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) to the peptides in the solid phase, followed by complexation with GdCl3. The contrast agents were characterized by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and relaxivity measurements. All four peptide Gd-DOTA conjugates resulted in robust tumor contrast enhancement in MR imaging of the PC3 mouse prostate cancer model. The peptide Gd-DOTA conjugates specific to EDB-FN are promising targeted small molecular macrocyclic contrast agents for MR molecular imaging of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3906-3915
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EDB fibronectin
  • MRI
  • peptide
  • prostate cancer
  • targeted contrast agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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