Syntaxin 11 marks a distinct intracellular compartment recruited to the immunological synapse of NK cells to colocalize with cytotoxic granules

Alena Dabrazhynetskaya, Jinxia Ma, Andre Ortlieb Guerreiro-Cacais, Zita Arany, Eva Rudd, Jan Inge Henter, Klas Karre, Jelena Levitskaya, Victor Levitsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The syntaxin 11 (STX11) gene is mutated in a proportion of patients with familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) and exocytosis of cytotoxic granules is impaired in STX11-deficient NK cells. However, the subcellular localization, regulation of expression and molecular function of STX11 in NK cells and other cytotoxic lymphocytes remain unknown. Here we demonstrate that STX11 expression is strictly controlled by several mechanisms in a cell-type-specific manner and that the enzymatic activity of the proteasome is required for STX11 expression in NK cells. In resting NKL cells, STX11 was localized in the cation-dependent mannose-6-phosphate receptor (CD-M6PR)-containing compartment, which was clearly distinct from cytotoxic granules or Rab27a-expressing vesicles. These subcellular structures appeared to fuse at the contact area with NK-sensitive target cells as demonstrated by partial colocalization of STX11 with perforin and Rab27a. Although STX11-deficent allo-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes efficiently lysed target cells and released cytotoxic granules, they exhibited a significantly lower extent of spontaneous association of perforin with Rab27a as compared with STX11-expressing T cells. Thus, our results suggest that STX11 promotes the fusion of Rab27a-expressing vesicles with cytotoxic granules and reveal an additional level of complexity in the spatial/temporal segregation of subcellular structures participating in the process of granule-mediated cytotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-141
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Activation
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Degranulation
  • Exocytosis
  • Lymphocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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