Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit

R. Niaura, D. M. Britt, W. G. Shadel, M. Goldstein, David Brian Abrams, R. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Symptoms of depression have been associated with increased smoking prevalence and failure to quit smoking in several cross-sectional and population-based studies. Few studies, however, have prospectively examined the ability of current symptoms of depression to predict failure to quit smoking in treatment-motivated smokers. Pretreatment depressed mood was assessed by 3 different methods in 3 separate samples, 2 of which comprised smokers receiving combined pharmacological and behavioral treatments and a 3rd in which smokers received self-help materials only. In all studies, time in days from quit day until the 1st cigarette was ascertained to document survival. Survival analyses showed that in all 3 studies survival time was significantly and negatively related to measures of even very low levels of pretreatment depressed mood. Results were replicated across 3 independent samples and were robust and uniformly clear, indicating that low levels of depressive symptoms assessed at baseline predict time to 1st cigarette smoked after attempted quitting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Volume15
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Smoking
Depression
Tobacco Products
Aptitude
Survival Analysis
Pharmacology
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Niaura, R., Britt, D. M., Shadel, W. G., Goldstein, M., Abrams, D. B., & Brown, R. (2001). Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15(1), 13-17.

Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit. / Niaura, R.; Britt, D. M.; Shadel, W. G.; Goldstein, M.; Abrams, David Brian; Brown, R.

In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2001, p. 13-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Niaura, R, Britt, DM, Shadel, WG, Goldstein, M, Abrams, DB & Brown, R 2001, 'Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit', Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 13-17.
Niaura R, Britt DM, Shadel WG, Goldstein M, Abrams DB, Brown R. Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2001;15(1):13-17.
Niaura, R. ; Britt, D. M. ; Shadel, W. G. ; Goldstein, M. ; Abrams, David Brian ; Brown, R. / Symptoms of depression and survival experience among three samples of smokers trying to quit. In: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2001 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 13-17.
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