Symposium: Pediatric food allergy

Scott H. Sicherer, Anne Muñoz-Furlong, Ramon Murphy, Robert A Wood, Hugh A. Sampson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Food allergy seems to be increasing in prevalence, significantly decreases the quality of life for patients and their families, and has become a common diagnostic and management issue for the pediatrician. Studies now a decade old showed that 6% to 8% of children younger than 3 years experience documented adverse reactions to foods. Several studies have defined the prevalence of allergy to specific foods in childhood. Population-based studies document a prevalence of cow milk allergy in 1.9% to 3.2% of infants and young children, egg allergy in 2.6% of children by age 2.5 years, and peanut allergy in 0.4% to 0.6% of those younger than 18 years. Overall, the typical allergens of infancy and early childhood are egg, milk, peanut, wheat, and soy, whereas allergens that are responsible for severe reactions in older children and adults are primarily caused by peanut, tree nuts, and seafood. Allergy to fruits and vegetables are prominent but usually not severe. For diagnostic purposes, it is instructive to consider the prevalence of food allergy as a cause of specific disorders. For example, food allergy accounts for 20% of acute urticaria, is present in 37% of children with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis and approximately 5% with atopic asthma, and is the most frequent cause of anaphylaxis outside the hospital setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1591-1594
Number of pages4
JournalPediatrics
Volume111
Issue number6 III
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Fingerprint

Food Hypersensitivity
Pediatrics
Allergens
Hypersensitivity
Egg Hypersensitivity
Peanut Hypersensitivity
Milk Hypersensitivity
Food
Seafood
Nuts
Urticaria
Anaphylaxis
Vegetables
Triticum
Ovum
Fruit
Milk
Asthma
Quality of Life
Population

Keywords

  • Allergic gastroenteropathy
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Food allergy
  • Food hypersensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Sicherer, S. H., Muñoz-Furlong, A., Murphy, R., Wood, R. A., & Sampson, H. A. (2003). Symposium: Pediatric food allergy. Pediatrics, 111(6 III), 1591-1594.

Symposium : Pediatric food allergy. / Sicherer, Scott H.; Muñoz-Furlong, Anne; Murphy, Ramon; Wood, Robert A; Sampson, Hugh A.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 111, No. 6 III, 01.06.2003, p. 1591-1594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sicherer, SH, Muñoz-Furlong, A, Murphy, R, Wood, RA & Sampson, HA 2003, 'Symposium: Pediatric food allergy', Pediatrics, vol. 111, no. 6 III, pp. 1591-1594.
Sicherer SH, Muñoz-Furlong A, Murphy R, Wood RA, Sampson HA. Symposium: Pediatric food allergy. Pediatrics. 2003 Jun 1;111(6 III):1591-1594.
Sicherer, Scott H. ; Muñoz-Furlong, Anne ; Murphy, Ramon ; Wood, Robert A ; Sampson, Hugh A. / Symposium : Pediatric food allergy. In: Pediatrics. 2003 ; Vol. 111, No. 6 III. pp. 1591-1594.
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