Symbolic play and novel noun learning in deaf and hearing children: Longitudinal effects of access to sound on early precursors of language

CDaCI Investigative Team, Howard Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the largest, longitudinal study of young, deaf children before and three years after cochlear implantation, we compared symbolic play and novel noun learning to age-matched hearing peers. Participants were 180 children from six cochlear implant centers and 96 hearing children. Symbolic play was measured during five minutes of videotaped, structured solitary play. Play was coded as "symbolic" if the child used substitution (e.g., a wooden block as a bed). Novel noun learning was measured in 10 trials using a novel object and a distractor. Cochlear implant vs. normal hearing children were delayed in their use of symbolic play, however, those implanted before vs. after age two performed significantly better. Children with cochlear implants were also delayed in novel noun learning (median delay 1.54 years), with minimal evidence of catch-up growth. Quality of parent-child interactions was positively related to performance on the novel noun learning, but not symbolic play task. Early implantation was beneficial for both achievement of symbolic play and novel noun learning. Further, maternal sensitivity and linguistic stimulation by parents positively affected noun learning skills, although children with cochlear implants still lagged in comparison to hearing peers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0155964
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

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Cochlear implants
Audition
hearing
Hearing
Language
learning
Acoustic waves
Learning
Cochlear Implants
peers
Linguistics
Substitution reactions
Cochlear Implantation
compensatory growth
longitudinal studies
Longitudinal Studies
Parents
Mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Symbolic play and novel noun learning in deaf and hearing children : Longitudinal effects of access to sound on early precursors of language. / CDaCI Investigative Team; Francis, Howard.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 5, e0155964, 01.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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