Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet’s syndrome) is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown cause characterized by painful, erythematous plaques and a dermal infiltrate of mature neutrophils. Associated systemic disease is a common finding in patients with Sweet’s syndrome, and in fact determines the prognosis; therefore, the diagnosis of Sweet’s syndrome warrants a thorough medical evaluation. We found only 17 reported cases of Sweet’s syndrome in children. Two cases of Sweet’s syndrome in children are presented; these cases are typical, except for the tibial pain in the first patient and the marked leukocytosis in the second patient. Both patients responded promptly to systemic corticosteroid therapy, although both had relapse.
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