Sustained positive impact on tuberculosis treatment outcomes of TB-HIV integrated care in Uganda

J. Musaazi, C. Sekaggya-Wiltshire, A. N. Kiragga, I. Kalule, Steven James Reynolds, Yukari C Manabe, B. Castelnuovo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To examine tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes from a long-term TB-HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) integrated model of care at the Infectious Diseases Institute Clinic, Kampala, Uganda. METHODS : We included HIV-positive adults who were new TB cases initiated on anti-tuberculosis treatment between 2009 and 2015 during TB-HIV integration. Trends in TB treatment outcomes and TB-associated deaths were analyzed using respectively the χ 2 trend test and Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS : The analysis involved 1318 cases: Most patients were female (>50%); the median age ranged from 34 to 36 years, and >60% were late presenters (CD4 count <200 cells/ll), with a median CD4 cell count of 100-146 cells/ll at TB diagnosis. TB treatment success (cured or treatment completed) was 67-76%. Loss to follow-up (LTFU) declined systematically from 7% in 2010 to 3.4% in 2015 (P <0.01). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation during the intensive phase improved from 47% in 2009 to 97% in 2015 (P <0.01). The mortality rate was >15% over time, and the probability of death at month 2 of anti-tuberculosis treatment was 52% higher among late presenters than in early presenters (13% vs. 6%, P <0.01). CONC LUS ION: Significant LTFU improvement and prompt ART initiation could be due to well-implemented TB-HIV integration care; however, static TBassociated deaths may be due to late presentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-521
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • late presentation
  • long-term
  • resourcelimited setting
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

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