Sustainability of a water, sanitation and hygiene education project in rural Bangladesh: A 5-year follow-up

B. A. Hoque, T. Juncker, R. B. Sack, M. Ali, K. M.A. Aziz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An integrated water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) education intervention project was run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, over the period 1983-87. In the intervention area the project provided handpumps, pit latrines, and hygiene education to about 800 households. The control population did not receive any interventions, but had access to the usual government and private WSH facilities. After 1987 no external support was provided to maintain these provisions. A cross-sectional follow-up survey, which was carried out in 1992, involved about 500 randomly selected households from the intervention and control areas. In 1992 about 82% of the pumps were still in good functional condition and of these, 94% had been functioning well in 1987. Fewer latrines were functional in 1992 (64%) than at the end of 1987 (93%). In the former intervention area about 84% of the adults were using sanitary latrines in 1992 compared with only 7% in the control area. Knowledge related to disease transmission, however, was poor and similar in both areas. People claimed that they used the WSH facilities to improve the quality of their lives. The prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases in the 1992 survey among the control population was about twice that among those in the intervention area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the World Health Organization
Volume74
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 5 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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