Susceptibility for multiple sclerosis is determined, in part, by inheritance of a 175-kb region of the TcR Vβ chain locus and HLA class II genes

Steven S. Beall, William E. Biddison, Dale E. McFarlin, Henry F. McFarland, Leroy E. Hood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genetic makeup thought to affect susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) and current evidence suggests that multiple genes may be involved. We have mapped a potential susceptibility gene or genes in the germ-line T cell receptor (TcR) Vβ region of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Six restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) spanning approximately 600 kb of the TcR Vβ region were used to define TcR haplotypes in 197 Caucasian controls and 83 Caucasian MS patients in the chronic progressive stage of the disease. The distribution of TcR subhaplotype frequencies was significantly different only in the approx. 175-kb region between RFLPs defined by Vβ8.1 and Vβ11. Stratification of the MS patients into HLA-DR2+ (n = 51) and HLA-DR2- (n = 32) populations demonstrated that the subhaplotype frequencies differed from the control population significantly only in the HLA-DR2+ (corrected P = 0.00007) and not in the HLA-DR2- (corrected P = 0.46) population. Subhaplotypes which are rare in the normal population are overrepresented in the HLA-DR2+ MS patient population and confer a relative risk of 4.06. These results indicate the existence of an MS susceptibility gene within the TcR Vβ region, and provide new evidence for gene complementation between a HLA class II gene and TcR Vβ gene(s) in conferring susceptibility to MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume45
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antigen
  • Genetics
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Polymorphism
  • Receptor
  • T cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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