Survival advantage for adult hispanic hemodialysis patients? Findings from the end-stage renal disease clinical performance measures project

Diane L. Frankenfield, Michael V. Rocco, Sheila H. Roman, William M. McClellan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

One-year follow-up mortality in Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients and its association with intermediate outcomes of dialytic care were examined utilizing the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) ESRD Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) Project and administrative data. Demographic and clinical information was collected on a national random sample of adult in-center hemodialysis (HD) patients for the period of October through December, 1998. Patients were categorized as Hispanic, non-Hispanic White, or nonHispanic Black. Of 8336 patients 994 (12%) were identified as Hispanic, 3618 (43%) as non-Hispanic White, and 3111 (37%) as non-Hispanic Black. The adjusted 12-mo mortality risk (99% CI) for Hispanics was 0.76 (0.60 to 0.96; P < 0.01) and for non-Hispanic Blacks 0.66 (0.56 to 0.78, P < 0.001) compared with non-Hispanic Whites (referent). Similar 12-mo mortality risks were noted in the groups with diabetes mellitus or hypertension as the causes of ESRD and among patients ≥65 yr. After controlling for demographic and geographic variables, Hispanics compared with the referent group, non-Hispanic Whites, were more likely to have a mean serum albumin ≥4.0/3.7 g/dL (BCG/BCP) (1.5 [1.2 to 1.7]; P < 0.001) and as likely to have a mean Kt/V ≥1.2, mean hemoglobin ≥11 g/dL, and an arteriovenous fistula as their vascular access. These data suggest that adult Hispanic HD patients have a 12-mo survival intermediate to non-Hispanic Blacks and non-Hispanic Whites and experience equivalent or better intermediate outcomes of dialytic care compared with non-Hispanic Whites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-186
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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