Survey of trends in authorship assignment in gynecologic oncology: Keeping score and playing fair

Laura M. Chambers, Catherine H. Watson, Meng Yao, Kimberly Levinson, Ronald D. Alvarez, Ramez N. Eskander, Megan Buechel, Chad M. Michener, Amelia Jernigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Authorship confers credit to those responsible for a publication. In 1985, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors criteria were founded to standardize authorship assignment. We sought to investigate practices and values in authorship assignment in Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) members. An anonymous online survey was distributed to SGO members from 09/2018–10/2018. Three multivariable logistic regression models were fit to predict ICJME authorship acceptance, assignment and denial. Of 1111 members surveyed, 266 responses were received (23.9%); 30.6% reported prior authorship assignment that did not meet ICMJE criteria, and 18.8% (n = 50) reported a history of accepting authorship not meeting ICJME criteria. Reasons for non-adherence included: inclusion of the author's patients in the study (59.3%), resumé building (45.7%), and networking for career advancement (22.2%). The majority responded that ICJME criteria were generalizable (91.3%), helpful (83.8%), and considered non-adherence as scientific misconduct (66.0%). On multivariable analysis, practice duration of 5–20 years (HR 0.40, 95% CI 0.16, 0.99, p < 0.05) or > 20 years (HR 0.22, 95% CI 0.08, 0.59, p < 0.05) were significant predictors for adherence with ICMJE authorship assignment compared to fellows and those in practice < 5 years. Similarly, practice duration of 5–20 years (HR 10.0, 95% CI 2.0, 49.2, p < 0.05) or > 20 years (HR 25.9, 95% CI 1.06, 3.9, p < 0.05) were significant predictors for denial of authorship assignment compared to fellows and those in practice < 5 years. While the majority of respondents report that ICJME criteria are helpful, adherence to these criteria is a concern, especially in fellows and early-career faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100755
JournalGynecologic Oncology Reports
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Authorship
  • Gynecologic oncology
  • International committee of medical journal editors
  • Scientific misconduct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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