Survey of primary care providers’ knowledge of screening for, diagnosing and managing prediabetes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Prediabetes affects 86 million US adults, but primary care providers’ (PCPs') knowledge, practices, attitudes and beliefs toward prediabetes are unclear. Objective: Assess PCPs’ (1) knowledge of risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening, laboratory criteria for diagnosing prediabetes and guidelines for management of prediabetes; (2) management practices around prediabetes; (3) attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. Design: Self-administered written survey of PCPs. Participants: One hundred forty of 155 PCPs (90%) attending an annual provider retreat for academically affiliated multispecialty practices in the mid-Atlantic region. Main measures: Descriptive analyses of survey questions on knowledge, management, and attitudes and beliefs related to prediabetes. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the association between provider characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, years since training, specialty and provider type) and knowledge, management, and attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. Key results: Six percent of PCPs correctly identified all of the risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening. Only 17% of PCPs correctly identified the laboratory parameters for diagnosing prediabetes based on both fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1c. Nearly 90% of PCPs reported close follow-up (within 6 months) of patients with prediabetes. Few PCPs (11%) selected referral to a behavioral weight loss program as the recommended initial management approach to prediabetes. PCPs agreed that patient-related factors are important barriers to lifestyle change and metformin use. Provider characteristics were generally not associated with knowledge, management, attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes in multivariate analyses. Conclusions: Addressing gaps in knowledge and the underutilization of behavioral weight loss programs in prediabetes are two essential areas where PCPs could take a lead in curbing the diabetes epidemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1178
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Prediabetes
  • Prevention
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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