Surveillance for long-term health effects associated with depleted uranium exposure and retained embedded fragments in US Veterans

Katherine S. Squibb, Joanna M. Gaitens, Susan Engelhardt, Jose A. Centeno, Hanna Xu, Patrick Gray, Melissa A. McDiarmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To ensure that all veterans with retained embedded fragments are properly monitored for potential health effects of embedded materials. METHODS: Urine biomonitoring and health surveillance programs were developed to gather information about health risks associated with chemicals released from embedded fragments. RESULTS: Elevated systemic exposure to depleted uranium (DU) that continues to occur in veterans with DU fragments remains a concern, although no clinically significant DU-related health effects have been observed to date. Other metals and local tissue reactions to embedded fragments are also of concern. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge gained from these programs will help to develop guidelines for surgical removal of tissue-embedded fragments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-732
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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