Surgical treatment of pediatric trigeminal neuralgia: Case series and review of the literature

Matthew T. Bender, Gustavo Pradilla, Carol James, Shaan Raza, Michael Lim, Benjamin S. Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Pediatric trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a rare entity. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze a small series of pediatric patients diagnosed with TN and surgically treated with microvascular decompression (MVD) at a single center. Methods: Nine patients were identified who presented with TN symptoms that began before the age of 18. Four were excluded because of delayed surgical intervention or successful medical management. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 5 patients with classical TN who underwent MVD at or before the age of 18. Results: Patient ages ranged from 3 to 18 years (average, 11.7) at the time of procedure. All five patients were female. Four patients underwent a single procedure and one had bilateral MVDs. In all six cases, vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve was found during surgery. Compression was venous in three cases, arterial in two, and both in one. Pain relief was complete following the procedure in five of six cases. Pain relief was incomplete but substantial in one patient, allowing her to discontinue anticonvulsant medications. Follow-up duration ranges from 9.1 to 24.8 months with an average of 15.3 (±6.1) and a median of 12.7 months follow-up. There were no complications such as CSF leak, infection, or cranial nerve deficits. Conclusions: Until now, there had been no reports on the effectiveness of MVD performed before the age of 18 to treat TN. These preliminary results suggest MVD may be performed with good pain relief and minimal side effects in the pediatric population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2123-2129
Number of pages7
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Microvascular decompression
  • Pediatric
  • Trigeminal neuralgia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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