Surgical technique of diaphragm full-thickness resection and trans-diaphragmatic decompression of pneumothorax during cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer

Shazia Bashir, Melissa A. Gerardi, Robert L. Giuntoli, Teresa P.Diaz Montes, Robert E. Bristow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe the technique and short-term post-operative outcomes associated with diaphragm full-thickness resection (FTR) and intraoperative trans-diaphragmatic decompression of the resultant pneumothorax (TDDP). Methods: All patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery for primary or recurrent ovarian cancer between 8/1/98 and 7/30/09 were retrospectively identified from the tumor registry database. Patients undergoing diaphragm FTR were selected for detailed review of the operative technique and post-operative outcomes. The operative technique of TDDP using a fenestrated Robinson catheter is described. Results: A total of 45 patients met study inclusion criteria. Diaphragm FTR surgery was performed exclusively by gynecologic oncologists in 73.3% of cases. The median patient age was 60 years, and the majority (75.6%) of cases were performed for primary cytoreduction of Stage IIIC (n = 27) or Stage IV (n = 18) disease. The two-dimensional surface area of tumor involvement ranged from 9 cm2 to 192 cm2. The right hemi-diaphragm alone was involved in 71.1% of cases, while both the right and left hemi-diaphragms were involved in 24.4%. TDDP was performed in 41 of the 45 patients undergoing diaphragm FTR, while 4 patients had intraoperative thoracostomy tubes placed. Among the 41 TDDP patients, post-operative days 3-4 radiographic imaging revealed that 56% had a small residual pleural effusion and 9.8% had a residual pneumothorax; however, only 2 patients (4.9%) required post-operative thoracostomy tube placement or thoracentesis. Conclusion: The technique of TDDP eliminates the need of intraoperative and post-operative thoracostomy tube/thoracentesis in 95.1% of patients undergoing diaphragm FTR as a component of ovarian cancer cytoreductive surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-258
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume119
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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