Surgical performance in minimally invasive surgery plus recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for intracerebral hemorrhage evacuation phase III clinical trial

Maged D. Fam, Daniel Hanley, Agnieszka Stadnik, Hussein A. Zeineddine, Romuald Girard, Michael Jesselson, Ying Cao, Lynn Money, Nichol Mcbee, Amanda J. Bistran-Hall, W. Andrew Mould, Karen Lane, Paul J. Camarata, Mario Zuccarello, Issam A. Awad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive thrombolytic evacuation of intracerebral hematoma is being investigated in the ongoing phase III clinical trial of Minimally Invasive Surgery plus recombinant Tissue plasminogen activator for Intracerebral hemorrhage Evacuation (MISTIE III). OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of catheter placement and efficacy of hematoma evacuation in relation to surgical approach and surgeon experience. METHODS:We performed a trial midpoint interim assessment of 123 cases that underwent the surgical procedure. Accuracy of catheter placement was prospectively assessed by the trial Surgical Center based on prearticulated criteria. Hematoma evacuation efficacy was evaluated based on absolute volume reduction, percentage hematoma evacuation, and reaching the target end-of-treatment volume of <15 mL. One of 3 surgical trajectories was used: Anterior (A), posterior (B), and lobar (C). Surgeonswere classified based on experience with the MISTIE procedure as prequalified, qualified with probation, and fully qualified. RESULTS: The average hematoma volume was 49.7 mL (range 20.0-124), and the mean evacuation rate was 71% (range 18.4%-99.8%). First placed catheters were 58% in good position, 28% suboptimal (but suitable to dose), and 14% poor (requiring repositioning). Posterior trajectory (B) was associated with significantly higher rates of poor placement (35%, P = .01). There was no significant difference in catheter placement accuracy among surgeons of varying experience. Hematoma evacuation efficacy was not significantly different among the 3 surgical approaches or different surgeons' experience. CONCLUSION: Ongoing surgical education and quality monitoring in MISTIE III have resulted in consistent rates of hematoma evacuation despite technical challenges with the surgical approaches and among surgeons of varying experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)860-865
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Alteplase
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Minimally invasive
  • Mistie
  • Tissue plasminogen activator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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