Purpose: We assessed surgical feasibility of a 1-stage multi-organ approach for multiple visceral tumors in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Materials and Methods: A total of 14 men and 15 women with von Hippel-Lindau disease underwent simultaneous multi-organ surgery for multiple adrenal, renal and pancreatic tumors at the National Cancer Institute between 1988 and 2001. Perioperative and followup data were analyzed retrospectively. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis. Results: Surgery involving 2 or more organs (mean 2.4 procedures per patient, range 2 to 4) was performed in all patients and concurrent pancreatic operations were performed in 12 (41%). Overall a combined 71 procedures, were performed including 4 cases (13%) treated laparoscopically. Mean ± SD operative time and estimated blood loss were 464 ± 142 minutes (range 206 to 830) and 2,798 ± 4,285 cc (300 to 20,000), respectively. In 16 patients (55%) blood transfusion was administered intraoperatively. At a median followup of 21 months (range 5 to 151) renal tumors recurred in 8 patients (28%), requiring further kidney operations, but no patient had pancreatic or adrenal recurrence. The overall complication rate was 38%, and there was no operative mortality. Conclusions: A single stage surgical approach for multi-organ visceral tumors is a viable option for patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. With careful patient selection and surgical planning combined procedures can be safely performed in 1 operative setting.
- Hippel-Lindau disease
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