Surgical Management of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Geoffrey P. Colby, Alexander L. Coon, Rafael J. Tamargo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a common and often devastating condition that requires prompt neurosurgical evaluation and intervention. Modern management of aSAH involves a multidisciplinary team of subspecialists, including vascular neurosurgeons, neurocritical care specialists and, frequently, neurointerventional radiologists. This team is responsible for stabilizing the patient on presentation, diagnosing the offending ruptured aneurysm, securing the aneurysm, and managing the patient through a typically prolonged and complicated hospital course. Surgical intervention has remained a definitive treatment for ruptured cerebral aneurysms since the early 1900s. Over the subsequent decades, many innovations in microsurgical technique, adjuvant maneuvers, and intraoperative and perioperative medical therapies have advanced the care of patients with aSAH. This report focuses on the modern surgical management of patients with aSAH. Following a brief historical perspective on the origin of aneurysm surgery, the topics discussed include the timing of surgical intervention after aSAH, commonly used surgical approaches and craniotomies, fenestration of the lamina terminalis, intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, intraoperative digital subtraction and fluorescent angiography, temporary clipping, deep hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass, management of acute hydrocephalus, cerebral revascularization, and novel clip configurations and microsurgical techniques. Many of the topics highlighted in this report represent some of the more debated techniques in vascular neurosurgery. The popularity of such techniques is constantly evolving as new studies are performed and data about their utility become available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-261
Number of pages15
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Neurocritical care
  • Surgical management
  • Vascular neurosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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