Twenty-one children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection required surgical intervention during the course of their disease. There were 11 females and 10 males (age range, 3 months to 6 years). The children underwent 54 operative procedures after diagnosis of their disease. These included placement of central venous catheter (23 patients), open lung biopsy (11), incision and drainage of perirectal abscess (4), incision and drainage of soft tissue abscess (5), myringotomy (2), diverting colostomy (3), Nissen fundoplication (1), and other (5). All 21 patients had clinical AIDS by the Centers for Disease Control CDC classification. To date, there have been 12 deaths in the 21 patients (57%) due to progressive deterioration with the patient's disease. Most procedures were adjuncts for diagnostic and therapeutic intervention in a population of children with a uniformly fatal disease. The knowledge of various high risk groups for AIDS must heighten the surgeon's awareness to the growing and significant pediatric segment of the HIV population, the complications of their disease, and the surgeon's limited role in treating these problems.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
- surgical intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health