Surgical implantation and biocompatibility of central nervous system auditory prostheses

J. K. Niparko, R. A. Altschuler, J. A. Wiler, X. Xue, D. J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As part of a program to determine the feasibility of a CNS auditory prosthesis, the tissue reaction to electrodes chronically implanted in the cochlear nucleus (CN) of the guinea pig was examined. Varied open operative approaches and microelectrode designs were utilized. Silicon substrate thin film and platinum-iridium wire electrodes, tethered and untethered, were placed successfully in different divisions of the CN. Implantation through a posterior suboccipital approach was most successful. Histologic examinations demonstrated a glial cell proliferation confined to the area of the electrode track that never exceeded 15 μm in width. No neuronal loss or significant effect on cell morphology was seen, and reactive cells were absent. Electrode migration was apparent in a minority of animal preparations. Although potential problems were identified, our findings lend support to the feasibility of implanting a neuroprosthesis in the CN and have helped to establish methods for future studies of chronic intranuclear stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-970
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number12 I
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Auditory prosthesis
  • Chronic implantation
  • cochlear nucleus
  • implant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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