Surgical correction in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who had low bone mineral density: An analysis of 40 patients with a minimum follow-up of two years

Ki Tack Kim, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Sang Hun Lee, Dae Seok Huh, Eun Seok Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: To investigate influence of bone mineral density (BMD) on the surgical correction of lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK). Overview of Literature: No studies so far have reported the influence of BMD on the surgical correction of LDK. Methods: Forty LDK patients with more than 2 years follow-up were studied. Pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt, sacral slope, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), lumbar lordosis (LL), and thoracic kyphosis were measured preoperatively, immediate postoperatively and at final follow-up. Adverse outcomes: proximal adjacent fractures, sagittal decompensation, pseudoarthrosis, and cage subsidence were documented. Results: There were 37 females and 3 males. Average age was 65.1±4.5 years and mean follow-up was 34.2±16.7 months. 42.5% were Takemitsu type 3 curves, 27.5% type 2, 20.0% type 4 and 10.0% type 1. 37.5% had osteopenia, 40.0% osteoporosis and 22.5% had severe osteoporosis. SVA improved from 237.0±96.7 mm preoperatively to 45.3±41.8 mm postoperatively (p =0.000). LL improved from 10.5°±14.7° to -40.6°±10.9° postoperatively (p =0.000). At final follow-up SVA deteriorated to 89.8±72.2 mm and LL to 34.7°±15.8° (p =0.000). The association between late sagittal decompensation, pseudoarthrosis, or proximal adjacent fractures and osteoporosis was insignificant. The difference between immediate postoperative LL and PI (PIDiff) had a significant association with sagittal decompensation and pseudoarthrosis. Conclusions: Osteoporosis did not influence the degree of correction, late sagittal decompensation, proximal adjacent fractures, and pseudoarthrosis in LDK. PIDiff had a significant association with sagittal decompensation and pseudoarthrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalAsian Spine Journal
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Lumbar degenerative kyphosis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Outcome
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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