Surgical castration of subadult giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)

Rose Borkowski, Scott Citino, Mitch Bush, Paul Wollenman, Brenda Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Surgical castration of giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) has not been commonly performed. Large domestic animal castration has a significant complication rate that includes postoperative mortality. Documentation of castration techniques and complications in large domestic animals occurs regularly. However, literature describing castration experiences with large zoo mammals is sparse. In addition, a suitable anesthetic regimen for surgical castration of giraffe has not been confirmed. Open castration using an emasculator plus ligation was performed in three subadult giraffe weighing 555-711 kg. Scrotal incisions were left open and healed in about 6 wk. One animal developed scrotal dermatitis. No other complications occurred. As slow scrotal healing can increase the risk of ascending infection, partial or complete scrotal closure for giraffe may warrant consideration. Experiences with these animals also suggest that closed or modified closed castration may be considered for giraffe of this size. Thiafentanil, medetomidine, and ketamine plus local lidocaine provided suitable anesthesia for surgical castration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)786-790
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Giraffa camelopardalis
Castration
castration
Domestic Animals
A3080
domestic animals
Medetomidine
lidocaine
medetomidine
Ketamine
ketamine
Dermatitis
dermatitis
Lidocaine
zoos
anesthetics
Documentation
Ligation
Anesthetics
Mammals

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Behavior modification
  • Castration
  • Giraffa camelopardalis
  • Giraffe
  • Population control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Borkowski, R., Citino, S., Bush, M., Wollenman, P., & Irvine, B. (2009). Surgical castration of subadult giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 40(4), 786-790. https://doi.org/10.1638/2008-0112.1

Surgical castration of subadult giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). / Borkowski, Rose; Citino, Scott; Bush, Mitch; Wollenman, Paul; Irvine, Brenda.

In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 4, 12.2009, p. 786-790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Borkowski, R, Citino, S, Bush, M, Wollenman, P & Irvine, B 2009, 'Surgical castration of subadult giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis)', Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 786-790. https://doi.org/10.1638/2008-0112.1
Borkowski, Rose ; Citino, Scott ; Bush, Mitch ; Wollenman, Paul ; Irvine, Brenda. / Surgical castration of subadult giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). In: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 786-790.
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