OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of cenobamate in patients with photoparoxysmal-EEG response (PPR) to intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) as proof of principle of efficacy in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: In this multicenter, single-blind study, adults with photosensitive epilepsy, with/without concomitant antiepileptic drug therapy, underwent IPS under 3 eye conditions after a single dose of placebo (day -1, day 2) or cenobamate (day 1; 100, 250, or 400 mg). Complete suppression was a standardized photosensitivity range reduction to 0 over ≥1 time points for all eye conditions. Partial suppression was a ≥3-point reduction over ≥3 testing times vs the same time points on day -1 in ≥1 eye condition. Pharmacokinetics and safety were assessed. RESULTS: Of 6 evaluable patients, 5 reentered to receive higher doses. Cenobamate 100 mg produced partial suppression in 1 of 3 patients; 250 mg produced complete suppression in 1 of 4 and partial suppression in 4 of 4 patients; and 400 mg produced complete suppression in 1 of 4 and partial suppression in 2 of 4 patients. PPR was consistently reduced on days 1 and 2 (>24 hours after cenobamate) vs day -1 (placebo) with the 250- and 400-mg doses. Area under the plasma concentration-time curve (before dose to last measurable concentration) values between 201 and 400 μg/h/mL resulted in partial suppression in 4 of 6 (66%) patients. Most common adverse events were dizziness and somnolence. CONCLUSIONS: This proof-of-principle study demonstrated that cenobamate is a potentially effective product for epilepsy. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00616148. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that, for patients with photosensitive epilepsy, cenobamate suppresses IPS-induced PPR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology