The multifunctional Ca2+ and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is important for regulating L-type Ca2+ current (I Ca) and cytoplasmic Ca2+ (Ca2+i) uptake and release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), key elements of the 'Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release' (CICR) mechanism. However, the effects of chronic CaMKII inhibition on Ca2+i responses during CICR are unknown. We hypothesized that chronic CaMKII inhibition significantly affects CICR in ventricular myocytes. We studied CICR by simultaneously measuring Ca2+i transients and I Ca in voltage-clamped ventricular myocytes isolated from a recently developed genetic mouse model of cardiac CaMKII inhibition. These measurements were repeated in ventricular myocytes from novel mice with cardiac CaMKII inhibition lacking phospholamban (PLN), a known CaMKII substrate and a negative regulator of Ca2+i uptake into the SR Ca2+ store. CaMKII inhibition eliminated a pattern of ICa increases called facilitation and significantly reduced beat-to-beat and cell-to-cell variability of peak Ca2+i transients in ventricular myocytes with PLN. PLN ablation eliminated ICa facilitation even in the absence of CaMKII inhibition and the effects of CaMKII inhibition to reduce SR Ca2+ content and slow SR Ca2+ uptake were lost in the absence of PLN. PLN ablation significantly reduced ICa beat-to-beat variability in cells with CaMKII inhibition. These findings show that chronic CaMKII inhibition reduces variability of CICR responses in a manner that is partly dependent on the presence of PLN.
- Calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II
- Ventricular myocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine