Suppression of calcium release from inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive stores mediates the anti-apoptotic function of nuclear factor-κB

Simonetta Camandola, Roy G. Cutler, Devin S. Gary, Ollivier Milhavet, Mark P. Mattson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) by growth factors, cytokines, and cellular stress can prevent apoptosis, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Here we provide evidence for an action of NF-κB on calcium signaling that accounts for its anti-apoptotic function. Embryonic fibroblasts lacking the transactivating subunit of NF-κB RelA (p65) exhibit enhanced inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor-mediated calcium release and increased sensitivity to apoptosis, which are restored upon re-expression of RelA. The size of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium pool and the number of IP3 receptors per cell are decreased in response to stimuli that activate NF-κB and are increased when NF-κB activity is suppressed. The selective antagonism of IP3 receptors blocks apoptosis in RelA-deficient cells, whereas activation of NF-κB in normal cells leads to decreased levels of the type 1 IP3 receptor and decreased calcium release. Overexpression of Bcl-2 normalizes ER calcium homeostasis and prevents calcium-mediated apoptosis in RelA-deficient cells. These findings establish an ER calcium channel as a pivotal target for NF-κB-mediated cell survival signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22287-22296
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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