Purpose: Low-dose-rate brachytherapy is a highly effective treatment modality for prostate carcinoma, but postimplant dosimetry quality is essential and correlated with likelihood of treatment success. Registered ultrasound and fluoroscopy (iRUF) can facilitate real-time intraoperative monitoring and plan adaptation, with the aim of attaining superior dosimetric outcomes. The purpose of this research was to compare clinical postimplant dosimetric results of iRUF-guided brachytherapy against brachytherapy using standard ultrasound-guided intraoperative dosimetry methods. Methods and Materials: We analyzed postimplant dosimetry in 292 patients treated with Pd-103 between January 2007 and December 2018. All patients had postimplant dosimetry measured on day 0 to 1 using fused magnetic resonance/computed tomography assessment. Fifty-two patients were treated in 2 prospective clinical trials using iRUF intraoperative dosimetry, including 6 patients in a pilot study and 46 treated in a phase 2 study. Postimplant dosimetry in iRUF-treated patients was compared with dosimetry from 240 patients treated using standard (real-time ultrasound) intraoperative seed tracking. Results: For every parameter measuring dose coverage to the prostate, iRUF patients had significantly higher values, irrespective of adjustment for year of treatment. In adjusted analyses, parameters of dose to urethra and rectum were not significantly higher among iRUF-treated patients. Conclusions: Use of iRUF intraoperative dosimetry was associated with improved postimplant dose coverage in prostate, without associated increases in doses to urethra or rectum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging