[64Cu]XYIMSR-06: A dual-motif CAIX ligand for PET imaging of clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Il Minn, Soo Min Koo, Hye Soo Lee, Mary Brummet, Steven P. Rowe, Michael A. Gorin, Polina Sysa-Shah, William D. Lewis, Hye Hyun Ahn, Yuchuan Wang, Sangeeta Ray Banerjee, Ronnie C. Mease, Sridhar Nimmagadda, Mohamad E. Allaf, Martin G. Pomper, Xing Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is a cell surface enzyme that is over-expressed in approximately 95% of cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common renal cancer. We synthesized and performed in vitro and in vivo evaluation of a dual-motif ligand, [64Cu]XYIMSR-06, for imaging CAIX expression on ccRCC tumors using positron emission tomography (PET). [64Cu]XYIMSR-06 was generated in yields of 51.0 ± 4.5% (n=5) and specific activities of 4.1-8.9 GBq/μmol (110-240 Ci/mmol). Tumor was visualized on PET images by 1 h post-injection with high tumor-to-background levels (>100 tumor-to-blood and -muscle) achieved within 24 h. Biodistribution studies demonstrated a maximum tumor uptake of 19.3% injected dose per gram of radioactivity at 4 h. Tumor-to-blood, -muscle and -kidney ratios were 129.6 ± 18.8, 84.3 ± 21.0 and 2.1 ± 0.3, respectively, at 8 h post-injection. At 24 h a tumor-to-kidney ratio of 7.1 ± 2.5 was achieved. These results indicate pharmacokinetics superior to those of previously reported imaging agents binding to CAIX. [64Cu]XYIMSR-06 is a new low-molecular-weight PET ligand targeting CAIX, which can image localized and metastatic ccRCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56471-56479
Number of pages9
Issue number35
StatePublished - 2016


  • Carbonic anhydrase IX
  • Copper-64
  • Molecular imaging
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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