[11C](R)-Rolipram positron emission tomography detects DISC1 inhibition of phosphodiesterase type 4 in live Disc1 locus-impaired mice

Maarten Ooms, Tetsuya Tsujikawa, Talakad G. Lohith, Sanché N. Mabins, Sami S. Zoghbi, Akiko Sumitomo, Hanna Jaaro-Peled, Yasuyuki Kimura, Sanjay Telu, Victor W. Pike, Toshifumi Tomoda, Robert B. Innis, Akira Sawa, Masahiro Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Although still a matter of controversy, disrupted in schizophrenia protein 1 (DISC1) was suggested as a potential inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4). We used Disc1 locus impairment (LI) mice to investigate the interaction between PDE4 and DISC 1 in vivo and in vitro. [11C](R)-Rolipram binding was measured by PET in LI (n = 11) and C57BL/6 wild-type (WT, n = 9) mice. [11C](R)-Rolipram total distribution volumes (VT) were calculated and corrected for plasma-free fraction (fP) measured in a separate group of LI (n = 6) and WT (n = 7) mice. PDE4 enzyme activity was measured using in vitro samples of cerebral cortices from groups of LI (n = 4), heterozygote (n = 4), and WT (n = 4) mice. Disc1 LI mice showed a 41% increase in VT (18 ± 6 vs. 13±4 mL/cm3, P = 0.04) compared to WT mice. VT/fP showed a 73% significant increase (90 ± 31 vs. 52 ± 15 mL/cm3, P = 0.004) in Disc1 LI compared to WT mice. PDE4 enzymatic activity assay confirmed in vivo findings showing significant group differences (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, PDE4 activity was increased in the absence of critical DISC1 protein isoforms both in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, [11C](R)-Rolipram PET was sensitive enough to assess altered PDE4 activity caused by PDE4–DISC1 interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • disrupted in schizophrenia
  • locus impairment mouse model
  • phosphodiesterase 4
  • Positron emission tomography
  • [C](R)-Rolipram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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