SUMO-1 Modification Regulates the DNA Binding Activity of Heat Shock Transcription Factor 2, a Promyelocytic Leukemia Nuclear Body Associated Transcription Factor

Michael L. Goodson, Yiling Hong, Richard Rogers, Michael J. Matunis, Ok Kyong Park-Sargell, Kevin D. Sarge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Heat shock transcription factor 2 (HSF2) is a transcription factor that regulates heat shock protein gene expression, but the mechanisms regulating the function of this factor are unclear. Here we report that HSF2 is a substrate for modification by the ubiquitin-related protein SUMO-1 and that HSF2 colocalizes in cells with SUMO-1 in nuclear granules. Staining with anti-promyelocytic leukemia antibodies indicates that these HSF2-containing nuclear granules are PML bodies. Our results identify lysine 82 as the major site of SUMO-1 modification in HSF2, which is located in a "wing" within the DNA-binding domain of this protein. Interestingly, SUMO-1 modification of HSF2 results in conversion of this factor to the active DNA binding form. This is the first demonstration that SUMO-1 modification can directly alter the DNA binding ability of a transcription factor and reveals a new mechanism by which SUMO-1 modification can regulate protein function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18513-18518
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number21
StatePublished - Jan 25 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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