Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009

David Titelman, Hogni Oskarsson, Kristian Wahlbeck, Merete Nordentoft, Lars Mehlum, Guo Xin Jiang, Annette Erlangsen, Latha Nrugham, Danuta Wasserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim: The Nordic countries provide a suitable setting for comparing trends in suicide mortality. The aim of this report is to compare suicide trends by age, gender, region and methods in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 1980-2009. Methods: Suicide statistics 1980-2009 were analyzed for men and women aged 15 years and above and the age group 15-24 years. Regional suicide rates in 2009 were presented in maps. Results: The suicide rates across the Nordic countries declined from 25-50 per 100,000 in 1980 to 20-36 in 2009 for men and from 9-26 in 1980 to 8-11 in 2009 for women. The rates in Finland were consistently higher than those of the other countries. A significant increase of suicides in young women in Finland and Norway and a lack of a decline among young women in Sweden were noted. The male-female ratio of suicide converged to approximately 3:1 across the region during the study period. Rural areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden saw the highest suicide rates, whereas the rates in the capital regions of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were lower than the respective national rates. Conclusions: We hold that the overall decline of suicide rates in the Nordic countries reflects the socio-economic development and stability of the region, including the well-functioning healthcare. The increasing rates in Finland and Norway and the unchanged rate in Sweden of suicide in young women are an alarming trend break that calls for continued monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-423
Number of pages10
JournalNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
Suicide
Mortality
Finland
Norway
Sweden
Denmark
Iceland
Economic Development
Age Groups
Economics

Keywords

  • Nordic countries
  • Social factors
  • Suicide
  • Suicide in the young
  • Young women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Titelman, D., Oskarsson, H., Wahlbeck, K., Nordentoft, M., Mehlum, L., Jiang, G. X., ... Wasserman, D. (2013). Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 67(6), 414-423. https://doi.org/10.3109/08039488.2012.752036

Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009. / Titelman, David; Oskarsson, Hogni; Wahlbeck, Kristian; Nordentoft, Merete; Mehlum, Lars; Jiang, Guo Xin; Erlangsen, Annette; Nrugham, Latha; Wasserman, Danuta.

In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 67, No. 6, 12.2013, p. 414-423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Titelman, D, Oskarsson, H, Wahlbeck, K, Nordentoft, M, Mehlum, L, Jiang, GX, Erlangsen, A, Nrugham, L & Wasserman, D 2013, 'Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009', Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 414-423. https://doi.org/10.3109/08039488.2012.752036
Titelman D, Oskarsson H, Wahlbeck K, Nordentoft M, Mehlum L, Jiang GX et al. Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. 2013 Dec;67(6):414-423. https://doi.org/10.3109/08039488.2012.752036
Titelman, David ; Oskarsson, Hogni ; Wahlbeck, Kristian ; Nordentoft, Merete ; Mehlum, Lars ; Jiang, Guo Xin ; Erlangsen, Annette ; Nrugham, Latha ; Wasserman, Danuta. / Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009. In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. 2013 ; Vol. 67, No. 6. pp. 414-423.
@article{90326742803d402f8c5cead5b83a2b6d,
title = "Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009",
abstract = "Background and aim: The Nordic countries provide a suitable setting for comparing trends in suicide mortality. The aim of this report is to compare suicide trends by age, gender, region and methods in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 1980-2009. Methods: Suicide statistics 1980-2009 were analyzed for men and women aged 15 years and above and the age group 15-24 years. Regional suicide rates in 2009 were presented in maps. Results: The suicide rates across the Nordic countries declined from 25-50 per 100,000 in 1980 to 20-36 in 2009 for men and from 9-26 in 1980 to 8-11 in 2009 for women. The rates in Finland were consistently higher than those of the other countries. A significant increase of suicides in young women in Finland and Norway and a lack of a decline among young women in Sweden were noted. The male-female ratio of suicide converged to approximately 3:1 across the region during the study period. Rural areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden saw the highest suicide rates, whereas the rates in the capital regions of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were lower than the respective national rates. Conclusions: We hold that the overall decline of suicide rates in the Nordic countries reflects the socio-economic development and stability of the region, including the well-functioning healthcare. The increasing rates in Finland and Norway and the unchanged rate in Sweden of suicide in young women are an alarming trend break that calls for continued monitoring.",
keywords = "Nordic countries, Social factors, Suicide, Suicide in the young, Young women",
author = "David Titelman and Hogni Oskarsson and Kristian Wahlbeck and Merete Nordentoft and Lars Mehlum and Jiang, {Guo Xin} and Annette Erlangsen and Latha Nrugham and Danuta Wasserman",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
doi = "10.3109/08039488.2012.752036",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "67",
pages = "414--423",
journal = "Nordic Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0803-9488",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Suicide mortality trends in the Nordic countries 1980-2009

AU - Titelman, David

AU - Oskarsson, Hogni

AU - Wahlbeck, Kristian

AU - Nordentoft, Merete

AU - Mehlum, Lars

AU - Jiang, Guo Xin

AU - Erlangsen, Annette

AU - Nrugham, Latha

AU - Wasserman, Danuta

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - Background and aim: The Nordic countries provide a suitable setting for comparing trends in suicide mortality. The aim of this report is to compare suicide trends by age, gender, region and methods in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 1980-2009. Methods: Suicide statistics 1980-2009 were analyzed for men and women aged 15 years and above and the age group 15-24 years. Regional suicide rates in 2009 were presented in maps. Results: The suicide rates across the Nordic countries declined from 25-50 per 100,000 in 1980 to 20-36 in 2009 for men and from 9-26 in 1980 to 8-11 in 2009 for women. The rates in Finland were consistently higher than those of the other countries. A significant increase of suicides in young women in Finland and Norway and a lack of a decline among young women in Sweden were noted. The male-female ratio of suicide converged to approximately 3:1 across the region during the study period. Rural areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden saw the highest suicide rates, whereas the rates in the capital regions of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were lower than the respective national rates. Conclusions: We hold that the overall decline of suicide rates in the Nordic countries reflects the socio-economic development and stability of the region, including the well-functioning healthcare. The increasing rates in Finland and Norway and the unchanged rate in Sweden of suicide in young women are an alarming trend break that calls for continued monitoring.

AB - Background and aim: The Nordic countries provide a suitable setting for comparing trends in suicide mortality. The aim of this report is to compare suicide trends by age, gender, region and methods in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 1980-2009. Methods: Suicide statistics 1980-2009 were analyzed for men and women aged 15 years and above and the age group 15-24 years. Regional suicide rates in 2009 were presented in maps. Results: The suicide rates across the Nordic countries declined from 25-50 per 100,000 in 1980 to 20-36 in 2009 for men and from 9-26 in 1980 to 8-11 in 2009 for women. The rates in Finland were consistently higher than those of the other countries. A significant increase of suicides in young women in Finland and Norway and a lack of a decline among young women in Sweden were noted. The male-female ratio of suicide converged to approximately 3:1 across the region during the study period. Rural areas in Finland, Norway and Sweden saw the highest suicide rates, whereas the rates in the capital regions of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were lower than the respective national rates. Conclusions: We hold that the overall decline of suicide rates in the Nordic countries reflects the socio-economic development and stability of the region, including the well-functioning healthcare. The increasing rates in Finland and Norway and the unchanged rate in Sweden of suicide in young women are an alarming trend break that calls for continued monitoring.

KW - Nordic countries

KW - Social factors

KW - Suicide

KW - Suicide in the young

KW - Young women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887983910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887983910&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/08039488.2012.752036

DO - 10.3109/08039488.2012.752036

M3 - Article

C2 - 23293897

AN - SCOPUS:84887983910

VL - 67

SP - 414

EP - 423

JO - Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

JF - Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0803-9488

IS - 6

ER -