Successful treatment of Candida osteoarticular infections with limited duration of antifungal therapy and orthopedic surgical intervention

Andy O. Miller, Maria N. Gamaletsou, Michael W. Henry, Leen Al-Hafez, Kaiser Hussain, Nikolaos V. Sipsas, Dimitrios P. Kontoyiannis, Emmanuel Roilides, Barry D. Brause, Thomas J. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Current guidelines for treatment of Candida osteoarticular infections (COAIs) recommend a prolonged course of antifungal therapy (AFT) of 6 - 12 months. Based upon strategies developed at the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), we hypothesized that the duration of antifungal therapy may be substantially reduced for management of COAI. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of cases of COAI treated at the HSS for the past 14 years. COAI was documented by open biopsy and direct culture in all cases. The mean (95% confidence interval, CI) duration of documented follow-up was 39 (16 - 61) months. Results: Among the 23 cases of COAI, the median age was 62 years (range 22 - 83 years) with 61% having no underlying condition. Orthopedic appliances, including joint prostheses and fracture hardware, were present in 74% of cases. All patients had COAI as the first proven site of candidiasis. Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis were the most common species. Hip, knee, foot, and ankle were the most common sites. All patients received aggressive surgical intervention followed by AFT administered for a mean (95% CI) duration of 45 (38 - 83) days. Systemic AFT consisted principally of fluconazole alone (65%) or in combination with other agents (26%). Adjunctive intraoperative amphotericin B irrigation was used in 35%. Among eight cases of CAOI that required placement of a new prosthetic joint, all were successfully treated. There were no microbiologic failures. Conclusions: Candida osteoarticular infections may be successfully treated with substantially limited durations of AFT when combined with a thorough surgical approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-149
Number of pages6
JournalInfectious Diseases
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Antifungal therapy
  • Candida spp.
  • Joint prosthesis
  • Osteoarticular infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Miller, A. O., Gamaletsou, M. N., Henry, M. W., Al-Hafez, L., Hussain, K., Sipsas, N. V., Kontoyiannis, D. P., Roilides, E., Brause, B. D., & Walsh, T. J. (2015). Successful treatment of Candida osteoarticular infections with limited duration of antifungal therapy and orthopedic surgical intervention. Infectious Diseases, 47(3), 144-149. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365548.2014.974207