Evaluation of an individual requiring permanent cardiac pacing and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) function revealed no suitable thoracic vascular access for traditional device implantation. Because the patient refused cardiac surgery, a left femoral venous approach was used to introduce two extended-length, active fixation leads that were positioned in the right atrium and ventricle. The leads were tunneled to the abdomen and connected to a dual-chamber ICD. A low defibrillation threshold and robust pacing and sensing parameters were observed at implant. All of these parameters were stable at 6-month follow-up. In addition, no negative effects of the predominantly abdominal shock vector were observed. This case suggests that femoral ICD placement should be considered before routinely referring such patients for open chest surgery.
- Defibrillation threshold
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
- Left femoral venous approach
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine