Subunit and whole molecule specificity of the anti-bovine casein immune response in recent onset psychosis and schizophrenia

Emily G. Severance, Faith B. Dickerson, Meredith Halling, Bogdana Krivogorsky, Luladey Haile, Shuojia Yang, Cassie R. Stallings, Andrea E. Origoni, Ioannis Bossis, Jianchun Xiao, Didier Dupont, Willem Haasnoot, Robert H. Yolken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies show increased antibody levels to bovine casein in some individuals with schizophrenia. The immunogenicity of specific domains of bovine casein varies among people with milk sensitivities and thus could vary among different neuropsychiatric disorders. Using ELISAs and immunoblotting, we characterized IgG class antibody specificity to whole bovine casein and to the αs, β, and κ subunits in individuals with recent onset psychosis (n=95), long-term schizophrenia (n=103), and non-psychiatric controls (n=65). In both patient groups, we found elevated IgG to casein proteins, particularly to whole casein and the αs subunit (p≤0.0001). Odds ratios of casein seroprevalence for recent onset psychosis (age-, gender-, race-, smoking-adjusted) were significant for whole casein (8.13, p≤0.0001), and the αs (7.89, p≤0.0001), β (5.23, p≤0.001) and κ (5.70, p≤0.0001) subunits. Odds ratios for long-term schizophrenia were significant for whole casein (7.85, p≤0.0001), and the αs (4.78, p≤0.003) and κ (4.92, p≤0.004) subunits. Within the recent onset group, odds ratios were particularly significant for a subgroup of people with psychotic disorders that included major depressive disorders (8.22-16.48, p≤0.0001). In a different recent onset subgroup (schizophrenia-spectrum disorders), PANSS scores for negative symptoms were correlated with casein antibody levels for the αs and κ subunits (p≤0.001-0.01). Immunoblotting patterns also exhibited group specificity, with κ predominant in recent onset and αs in schizophrenia (Fisher's Exact Test, p≤0.001). The elevated IgG and unique patterns of antibody specificity to bovine casein among diagnostic groups provide a rationale for clinical trials to evaluate efficacies of dietary modifications in individuals with neuropsychiatric diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-247
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume118
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Immunology
  • Mental illness
  • Proteomics
  • Psychotic disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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  • Cite this

    Severance, E. G., Dickerson, F. B., Halling, M., Krivogorsky, B., Haile, L., Yang, S., Stallings, C. R., Origoni, A. E., Bossis, I., Xiao, J., Dupont, D., Haasnoot, W., & Yolken, R. H. (2010). Subunit and whole molecule specificity of the anti-bovine casein immune response in recent onset psychosis and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 118(1-3), 240-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2009.12.030