Subtle Motor Signs and Executive Functioning in Chronic Paediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: Brief Report

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Background: Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are reported to have persistent deficits in executive functioning and subtle motor functions Aim: This study examined the relationship between subtle motor signs and executive functioning in children with TBI Methods: Eighteen children aged 13–18 years with mild to severe TBI at least one year before study participation and 16 age-matched typically-developing controls were examined using the Revised Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS), a simplified Go/No-go task, portions of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System Verbal Fluency and Trail Making tests, and a Wechsler Coding test Results: There were significant associations between PANESS scores and executive functioning measures in children with TBI but not in controls. Conclusion: Results suggest that assessment of subtle motor signs may provide broader information regarding functioning after pediatric TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDevelopmental Neurorehabilitation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019



  • executive function
  • pediatric
  • subtle motor function
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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