Substance P regulates migration in rat intestinal epithelial cells

Douglas J. Turner, Paul C. Martin, Jaladanki N. Rao, Jose Greenspon, Tongtong Zou, Barbara L. Bass, Jian Ying Wang, Eric D. Strauch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the effect of substance P (SP) upon intestinal epithelial cells and the mechanistic details of this interaction. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Intestinal epithelial cells must be capable of migration to reseal mucosal wounds for several vital intestinal functions. This process is incompletely understood; however, recent evidence implicates the neurotransmitter SP in this process. METHODS: Normal rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6 cells) were studied to identify the presence of the SP receptor (NK-1 subtype) and then exposed to physiologic doses of SP and antagonists to assess for increased migration. RESULTS: Examination IEC-6 cells revealed the presence of the SP receptor. Wounding of these cells followed by subsequent exposure to SP (10 mol/L) resulted in increased migration. Similarly, SP-induced increases in intracellular calcium concentration and actomyosin stress fiber formation. These effects were all blocked through specific NK-1 receptor antagonists. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that SP stimulates intestinal epithelial migration and increases in calcium concentration. These data support a beneficial role for SP in the maintenance of intestinal mucosal homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-414
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume245
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Turner, D. J., Martin, P. C., Rao, J. N., Greenspon, J., Zou, T., Bass, B. L., Wang, J. Y., & Strauch, E. D. (2007). Substance P regulates migration in rat intestinal epithelial cells. Annals of surgery, 245(3), 408-414. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.sla.0000245549.57076.db