Subluxation of Suture-Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses. A Clinicopathologic Study

Parag Parekh, W. Richard Green, Walter J. Stark, Esen K Akpek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To report the occurrence of subluxation of suture-fixated posterior chamber (PC) intraocular lenses (IOL) and elucidate the mechanisms involved. Design: Prospective clinicopathologic study. Participants: A single 10-0 Prolene suture explanted from a patient who experienced subluxation of his PC-IOL, 11.5 years after placement. Furthermore, multiple 10-0 Prolene sutures and PC-IOLs used for iris fixation were studied as controls. Methods: Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyze the surface of the explanted suture. In addition, randomly selected 10-0 Prolene sutures cut with Vannas scissors and cut with the positioning holes of a randomly selected PC-IOL identical to that implanted in the patient's eye were examined as controls. Finally, the positioning holes of several randomly selected, iris-fixated PC-IOLs were studied using SEM with particular attention to surface quality and edge finish. Main Outcome Measures: Presence of any signs of suture degradation, the character of the cut edge of the suture, as well as the characteristics of the positioning holes of the PC-IOLs. Results: Scanning electron microscopy of the explanted suture revealed sharply cut edges, without significant degradation of the suture, and no intact loop. Scanning electron microscopy of the control suture cut with a PC-IOL demonstrated a similarly cut edge. The positioning holes of the examined PC-IOLs had a sharp edge, and some also had an imperfect finish. Conclusion: We conclude that the surface properties of the positioning holes lead to cutting of the suture, and subsequent subluxation of the PC-IOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmology
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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Intraocular Lenses
Sutures
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Polypropylenes
Iris
Surface Properties
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Subluxation of Suture-Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses. A Clinicopathologic Study. / Parekh, Parag; Green, W. Richard; Stark, Walter J.; Akpek, Esen K.

In: Ophthalmology, Vol. 114, No. 2, 02.2007, p. 232-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parekh, Parag ; Green, W. Richard ; Stark, Walter J. ; Akpek, Esen K. / Subluxation of Suture-Fixated Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses. A Clinicopathologic Study. In: Ophthalmology. 2007 ; Vol. 114, No. 2. pp. 232-237.
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