Subcellular Localization of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Type 10A Variants, and Alteration of the Localization by cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase-dependent Phosphorylation

Jun Kotera, Takashi Sasaki, Tamaki Kobayashi, Kotomi Fujishige, Yoko Yamashita, Kenji Omori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our previous studies have suggested that two phosphodiesterase type 10A (PDE10A) variants, PDE10A1 and PDE10A2 transcripts, are mainly expressed in humans and that PDE10A2 and PDE10A3 transcripts are major variants in rats. In the present study, immunoblot analysis demonstrated that PDE10A proteins, especially PDE10A2, are more abundant in membrane fractions than in cytosolic fractions of rat striatum. Recombinant PDE10A1 and PDE10A3 were produced only in cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. By contrast, recombinant PDE10A2 was present mainly in membrane fractions. This finding agreed well with the result of subcellular fractionation of PDE10A in rat striatum. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that PDE10A2 was localized in the Golgi apparatus of transfected PC12h cells. PDE10A2 was phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) at Thr16. Interestingly, recombinant protein of wild-type PDE10A2, but not PDE10A2 mutant with an Ala replacement at Thr16, was distributed to cytosolic fractions by co-transfection with a plasmid encoding the catalytic subunit of PKA. A PDE10A2 mutant with Glu substitution at Thr16, which can be a mimic of phosphorylation, was localized in the cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. These observations implied that phosphorylation of PDE10A2 at Thr 16 by PKA caused alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A2 from the Golgi apparatus to cytosol. It is hypothesized that cAMP signaling in the Golgi area and the cytosol in neurons is controlled through alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A brought by activation of PKA in response to intracellular elevations of cAMP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4366-4375
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phosphorylation
Cyclic Nucleotides
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Protein Kinases
Golgi Apparatus
Rats
Cytosol
Membranes
Recombinant Proteins
Transfection
Catalytic Domain
Plasmids
Fractionation
Neurons
Substitution reactions
Chemical activation
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Subcellular Localization of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Type 10A Variants, and Alteration of the Localization by cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase-dependent Phosphorylation. / Kotera, Jun; Sasaki, Takashi; Kobayashi, Tamaki; Fujishige, Kotomi; Yamashita, Yoko; Omori, Kenji.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 279, No. 6, 06.02.2004, p. 4366-4375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d32db44aefbc41d0a88c6cbf5c0a5e42,
title = "Subcellular Localization of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Type 10A Variants, and Alteration of the Localization by cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase-dependent Phosphorylation",
abstract = "Our previous studies have suggested that two phosphodiesterase type 10A (PDE10A) variants, PDE10A1 and PDE10A2 transcripts, are mainly expressed in humans and that PDE10A2 and PDE10A3 transcripts are major variants in rats. In the present study, immunoblot analysis demonstrated that PDE10A proteins, especially PDE10A2, are more abundant in membrane fractions than in cytosolic fractions of rat striatum. Recombinant PDE10A1 and PDE10A3 were produced only in cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. By contrast, recombinant PDE10A2 was present mainly in membrane fractions. This finding agreed well with the result of subcellular fractionation of PDE10A in rat striatum. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that PDE10A2 was localized in the Golgi apparatus of transfected PC12h cells. PDE10A2 was phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) at Thr16. Interestingly, recombinant protein of wild-type PDE10A2, but not PDE10A2 mutant with an Ala replacement at Thr16, was distributed to cytosolic fractions by co-transfection with a plasmid encoding the catalytic subunit of PKA. A PDE10A2 mutant with Glu substitution at Thr16, which can be a mimic of phosphorylation, was localized in the cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. These observations implied that phosphorylation of PDE10A2 at Thr 16 by PKA caused alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A2 from the Golgi apparatus to cytosol. It is hypothesized that cAMP signaling in the Golgi area and the cytosol in neurons is controlled through alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A brought by activation of PKA in response to intracellular elevations of cAMP.",
author = "Jun Kotera and Takashi Sasaki and Tamaki Kobayashi and Kotomi Fujishige and Yoko Yamashita and Kenji Omori",
year = "2004",
month = "2",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M308471200",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "279",
pages = "4366--4375",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subcellular Localization of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Type 10A Variants, and Alteration of the Localization by cAMP-dependent Protein Kinase-dependent Phosphorylation

AU - Kotera, Jun

AU - Sasaki, Takashi

AU - Kobayashi, Tamaki

AU - Fujishige, Kotomi

AU - Yamashita, Yoko

AU - Omori, Kenji

PY - 2004/2/6

Y1 - 2004/2/6

N2 - Our previous studies have suggested that two phosphodiesterase type 10A (PDE10A) variants, PDE10A1 and PDE10A2 transcripts, are mainly expressed in humans and that PDE10A2 and PDE10A3 transcripts are major variants in rats. In the present study, immunoblot analysis demonstrated that PDE10A proteins, especially PDE10A2, are more abundant in membrane fractions than in cytosolic fractions of rat striatum. Recombinant PDE10A1 and PDE10A3 were produced only in cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. By contrast, recombinant PDE10A2 was present mainly in membrane fractions. This finding agreed well with the result of subcellular fractionation of PDE10A in rat striatum. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that PDE10A2 was localized in the Golgi apparatus of transfected PC12h cells. PDE10A2 was phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) at Thr16. Interestingly, recombinant protein of wild-type PDE10A2, but not PDE10A2 mutant with an Ala replacement at Thr16, was distributed to cytosolic fractions by co-transfection with a plasmid encoding the catalytic subunit of PKA. A PDE10A2 mutant with Glu substitution at Thr16, which can be a mimic of phosphorylation, was localized in the cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. These observations implied that phosphorylation of PDE10A2 at Thr 16 by PKA caused alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A2 from the Golgi apparatus to cytosol. It is hypothesized that cAMP signaling in the Golgi area and the cytosol in neurons is controlled through alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A brought by activation of PKA in response to intracellular elevations of cAMP.

AB - Our previous studies have suggested that two phosphodiesterase type 10A (PDE10A) variants, PDE10A1 and PDE10A2 transcripts, are mainly expressed in humans and that PDE10A2 and PDE10A3 transcripts are major variants in rats. In the present study, immunoblot analysis demonstrated that PDE10A proteins, especially PDE10A2, are more abundant in membrane fractions than in cytosolic fractions of rat striatum. Recombinant PDE10A1 and PDE10A3 were produced only in cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. By contrast, recombinant PDE10A2 was present mainly in membrane fractions. This finding agreed well with the result of subcellular fractionation of PDE10A in rat striatum. Immunocytochemical analysis showed that PDE10A2 was localized in the Golgi apparatus of transfected PC12h cells. PDE10A2 was phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) at Thr16. Interestingly, recombinant protein of wild-type PDE10A2, but not PDE10A2 mutant with an Ala replacement at Thr16, was distributed to cytosolic fractions by co-transfection with a plasmid encoding the catalytic subunit of PKA. A PDE10A2 mutant with Glu substitution at Thr16, which can be a mimic of phosphorylation, was localized in the cytosolic fractions of transfected PC12h cells. These observations implied that phosphorylation of PDE10A2 at Thr 16 by PKA caused alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A2 from the Golgi apparatus to cytosol. It is hypothesized that cAMP signaling in the Golgi area and the cytosol in neurons is controlled through alteration of subcellular localization of PDE10A brought by activation of PKA in response to intracellular elevations of cAMP.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1042278164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1042278164&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M308471200

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M308471200

M3 - Article

VL - 279

SP - 4366

EP - 4375

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 6

ER -