Subcelluar redistribution is involved in acute regulation of the brush border Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 in human colon adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2. Protein kinase C-mediated inhibition of the exchanger

Andrzej J. Janecki, Marshall H. Montrose, Piotr Zimniak, Alain Zweibaum, C. Ming Tse, Seema Khurana, Mark Donowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3), an epithelial brush border isoform of the Na+/H+ exchanger gone family, plays an important role in reabsorption of Na+ in the small intestine, the colon, and the kidney. In several cell types, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) acutely inhibits NHES activity by changes in V(max), but the mechanism of this inhibition is unknown. We investigated the role of subcellular redistribution of NHE3 in the PMA- induced inhibition of endogenous brush border NHE3 in a model human colon adenocarcinoma cell line, Caco-2. Subcellular localization of NHE3 was examined by confocal morphometric analysis complemented with cell surface biotinylation and compared with NHE3 activity evaluated by fluorometric measurement of intracellular pH. PMA inhibited NHE3 activity by 28% (p < 0.01), which was associated with a decrease of the ratio of the brush border/subapical cytoplasmic compartment of NHE3 from ~4.3 to ~2.4. This translocation resulted in 10-15% of the total cell NHE3 being shifted brush border pool to the cytoplasmic pool. These effects were mediated by protein kinase C, since they were blocked by the protein kinase C inhibitor H7. We conclude that inhibition of NHE3 by protein kinase C in Caco-2 cells involves redistribution of the exchanger from brush border into a subapical cytoplasmic compartment, and that this mechanism contributes ~50% to the overall protein kinase C-induced inhibition of the exchanger.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8790-8798
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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