Stunned, infarcted, and normal myocardium in dogs: Simultaneous differentiation by using gadolinium-enhanced cine MR imaging with magnetization transfer contrast

Clifford R. Weiss, Anthony H. Aletras, James F. London, Joni L. Taylor, Frederick H. Epstein, Ralf Wassmuth, Robert S. Balaban, Andrew E. Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To simultaneously differentiate stunned, infarcted, and normal myocardial regions by using gadolinium-enhanced cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with magnetization transfer contrast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve dogs were imaged on days 1 and 8 after transient 90-minute coronary artery occlusion. A magnetization transfer contrast with echo-train readout (MTET) MR sequence was performed before and 30 minutes after gadolinium contrast enhancement. Ex vivo analysis consisted of MR imaging, microsphere blood flow analysis, and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. A paired two-tailed t test was used to compare wall thickening from day 1 to day 8. Linear regression and Bland-Altman analyses were used to compare infarct size depicted with MTET imaging with that seen on TTC-stained tissue. RESULTS: Severe wall motion abnormalities were detected in all dogs. At TTC analysis, seven dogs had evidence of myocardial infarction and five had evidence of stunned myocardium. The mean percentages of left ventricular wall thickening in infarcted, stunned, and remote myocardial regions were 2% ± 4 (SD), 4% ± 8, and 33% ± 5, respectively. Wall thickening did not improve in the infarcted zones, but it improved to nearly normal levels in the stunned region 1 week after induced occlusion (mean, 40% ± 8; P < .02). MTET images clearly depicted infarcted myocardium as brighter than both the normal and stunned myocardial regions but darker than the blood pool. In vivo MTET infarct volume correlated with ex vivo TTC analysis data (y = 1.01 × + 0.00, R = 0.98, standard error of the estimate = 0.019). CONCLUSION: One day after myocardial ischemia, MTET during one MR imaging examination enabled simultaneous differentiation of infarcted, stunned, and normal myocardial regions on the basis of gadolinium enhancement and regional function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-730
Number of pages8
JournalRADIOLOGY
Volume226
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Experimental study
  • Heart, experimental studies
  • Magnetic resonance (MR), magnetization transfer contrast
  • Myocardium, MR
  • Myocardium, infarction, 511.77

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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