Study protocol: A cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a multi-pronged behavioural intervention to improve use of personal protective equipment among migrant workers exposed to organic solvents in small and medium-sized enterprises

Wen Chen, Tongyang Li, Guanyang Zou, Xudong Li, Leiyu Shi, Shanshan Feng, Jingrong Shi, Fangjing Zhou, Siqi Han, Li Ling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In China, most of migrant workers work in the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and are a vulnerable group for occupational health. Migrant workers are at increased risk of occupational health risks due to poor occupational health behaviours such as the low use of personal protective equipment (PPE). However, there is a lack of solid evidence regarding how to improve the use of PPE among migrant workers in SMEs. The current study will assess the effectiveness of a multi-pronged behavioural intervention designed to promote PPE utilization among migrant workers exposed to organic solvents in SMEs. Methods/Design: This is a single blind, three-arm cluster randomized trial with 60 SMEs equally randomized to receive a top-down intervention (i.e. general health education and mHealth intervention provided by researchers) or a comprehensive intervention (which includes both top-down intervention and peer education) or a control condition (participants will not receive the intervention, but study measures will be obtained). Interventions will be conducted at the SMEs level for 6 months and all eligible migrant workers in these SMEs will be enrolled into the trial. The primary outcome is effective use of PPE during the last week. The secondary outcomes are occupational health knowledge and attitude and participation in occupational health check-up. Data will be collected and assessed at baseline; 3 months post baseline and the end of the intervention. Discussion: This theory- and evidence based intervention will contribute to the limited evidence of behaviour change intervention in improving PPE utilization of migrant workers in SMEs, and provide timely evidence for the development of basic occupational health services in China and elsewhere with similar industrialization contexts. Trial registration: ChiCTR-IOR-15006929. Registered on 16 August 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number580
JournalBMC public health
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2016

Keywords

  • Behavioural intervention
  • Cluster randomized controlled trial
  • Migrant workers
  • Personal protective equipment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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