Study of the spatial correlation between neuronal activity and BOLD fMRI responses evoked by sensory and channelrhodopsin-2 stimulation in the rat somatosensory cortex

Nan Li, Peter Van Zijl, Nitish Thakor, Galit Pelled

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, we combined optogenetic tools with high-resolution blood oxygenation level-dependent functional MRI (BOLD fMRI), electrophysiology, and optical imaging of cerebral blood flow (CBF), to study the spatial correlation between the hemodynamic responses and neuronal activity. We first investigated the spatial and temporal characteristics of BOLD fMRI and the underlying neuronal responses evoked by sensory stimulations at different frequencies. The results demonstrated that under dexmedetomidine anesthesia, BOLD fMRI and neuronal activity in the rat primary somatosensory cortex (S1) have different frequency-dependency and distinct laminar activation profiles. We then found that localized activation of channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) expressed in neurons throughout the cortex induced neuronal responses that were confined to the light stimulation S1 region (<500 μm) with distinct laminar activation profile. However, the spatial extent of the hemodynamic responses measured by CBF and BOLD fMRI induced by both ChR2 and sensory stimulation was greater than 3 mm. These results suggest that due to the complex neurovascular coupling, it is challenging to determine specific characteristics of the underlying neuronal activity exclusively from the BOLD fMRI signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-561
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Hemodynamic
  • Optical imaging
  • Optogenetics
  • Somatosensory cortex
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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