Studies on the metabolism and biological function of APLP2

S. S. Sisodia, G. Thinakaran, H. H. Slunt, C. A. Kitt, C. S. Von Koch, R. R. Reed, H. Zheng, D. L. Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amyloid precursor proteins (APP) are a member of a larger family of proteins that include the amyloid precursor-like proteins (APLP) APLP1 and APLP2. We have examined the expression and metabolism of APLP2 and document that APLP2 is expressed at high levels in the nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Furthermore, several APLP2 isoforms encoded by alternatively spliced transcripts are posttranslationally modified by a chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan (CSGAG) chain. Furthermore, CSGAG modification is regulated by the insertion of sequences encoded by an alternatively spliced exon. Notably, expression of the CSGAG form of APLP2 appears restricted to embryonic neurons and mature neuronal populations that undergo regeneration, such as olfactory sensory neurons. Thus, differences in posttranslational modifications between the APLP2 isoforms and APP are likely to underlie differences in the regulation and function of these homologues. Our present efforts are directed towards using gene targeting strategies to disrupt the expression of the mouse APP/APLP2 genes to define the normative roles of the encoded molecules in development, plasticity, regeneration, and repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-81
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume777
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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