Studies on the interaction of bleomycin A2 with rat lung microsomes. III. Effect of exogenous iron on bleomycin-mediated DNA chain breakage

Michael A. Trush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The interaction of bleomycin A2 with rat lung microsomes results in bleomycin-mediated DNA chain breakage due to the mixed-function oxidase catalyzed activation of bleomycin. This study demonstrates that the addition of exogenous Fe3+ significantly enhances the bleomycin-mediated cleavage of DNA deoxyribose, that the enhancing effect of Fe3+ is maximum when a 1:1 ratio of bleomycin to Fe3+ is achieved and that either NADPH or NADH can serve as pyridine cofactors for this reaction. Since the activation of bleomycin can be facilitated by iron in the Fe2+ form, these observations support the hypothesis that the mixed-function oxidase system may serve to maintain either adventitious or exogenous iron in the Fe2+ form. In the absence of DNA, the interaction of bleomycin with rat lung microsomes results in the self-inactivation of bleomycin, a reaction which is also enhanced by the addition of exogenous Fe3+. Thus, the microsomal mixed-function oxidase system represents an efficient biological system for the 'activation-inactivation' of bleomycin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1983

Keywords

  • Bleomycin - DNA deoxyribose cleavage - Lung microsomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Studies on the interaction of bleomycin A<sub>2</sub> with rat lung microsomes. III. Effect of exogenous iron on bleomycin-mediated DNA chain breakage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this