The hydrolysis of 3-methyl-2′-deoxycytidine in aqueous solution has been investigated. Varying proportions of 3-methylcytosine, 3-methyluracil and 3-methyl-2′-deoxyuridine are formed depending upon conditions of pH and temperature. All three hydrolytic products are formed at pH 6.8 and 90°C. At pH 2, depyrimidination of 3-methylcytosine occurs as the only hydrolysis product. When the pH is increased to 12, 3-methyl-2′-deoxycytidine on heating at 90°C is completely deaminated to 3-methyl-2′-deoxyuridine with few side products formed. This reaction serves as the basis for a convenient synthesis of 3-methyl-2′-deoxyuridine. The 300 MHz spectra of 3-methyl-2′-deoxycytidine and 3-methyl-2′-deoxyuridine indicate that the sugar ring in these compounds is predominantly in 2E conformation.
- Methyldeoxycytidine synthesis
- Nucleotide hydrolysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology