Studies of autonomic response patterns: Rationale and methods

M. A. Wenger, B. T. Engel, T. L. Clemens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This report briefly summarizes the results of eighteen years of research on the measurement of autonomic functions in human subjects during rest, and presents a discussion of hypotheses and methodology for the study of autonomic response patterns. Most of the report is devoted to a discussion of instrumentation and methods of measurement employed in current investigations. The following variables are measured: electrical resistance of palmar skin; respiration rate; finger, face, and axillary temperatures; heart rate, potentials and rhythms; changes in finger and leg blood volume; systolic and diastolic blood pressures; stroke volume of the heart; pupillary diameter; stomach and lower bowel motility; salivary output; and selected muscle action potentials. Most responses are amplified and recorded continuously and simultaneously by means of chopper type Offner amplifiers. Pupillary diameter and systolic and diastolic blood pressure are time sampled; the former by means of a Bolex motion picture camera, the latter by means of a Gilson automatic blood pressure recorder. Stomach motility is recorded continuously by means of a new method—a magnetometer which remotely detects the movements of a small ingested magnet. Lower bowel motility is recorded by a bipolar electrode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-221
Number of pages6
JournalBehavioral Science
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1957
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

diastolic blood pressure
systolic blood pressure
Blood Pressure
gastrointestinal motility
electrical resistance
blood volume
instrumentation
action potentials
stroke
respiratory rate
skin (animal)
cameras
electrodes
blood pressure
heart rate
legs
stomach
heart
Fingers
Stomach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Studies of autonomic response patterns : Rationale and methods. / Wenger, M. A.; Engel, B. T.; Clemens, T. L.

In: Behavioral Science, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1957, p. 216-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wenger, M. A. ; Engel, B. T. ; Clemens, T. L. / Studies of autonomic response patterns : Rationale and methods. In: Behavioral Science. 1957 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 216-221.
@article{34e0a8eb67634a08a789cc7d35ff7676,
title = "Studies of autonomic response patterns: Rationale and methods",
abstract = "This report briefly summarizes the results of eighteen years of research on the measurement of autonomic functions in human subjects during rest, and presents a discussion of hypotheses and methodology for the study of autonomic response patterns. Most of the report is devoted to a discussion of instrumentation and methods of measurement employed in current investigations. The following variables are measured: electrical resistance of palmar skin; respiration rate; finger, face, and axillary temperatures; heart rate, potentials and rhythms; changes in finger and leg blood volume; systolic and diastolic blood pressures; stroke volume of the heart; pupillary diameter; stomach and lower bowel motility; salivary output; and selected muscle action potentials. Most responses are amplified and recorded continuously and simultaneously by means of chopper type Offner amplifiers. Pupillary diameter and systolic and diastolic blood pressure are time sampled; the former by means of a Bolex motion picture camera, the latter by means of a Gilson automatic blood pressure recorder. Stomach motility is recorded continuously by means of a new method—a magnetometer which remotely detects the movements of a small ingested magnet. Lower bowel motility is recorded by a bipolar electrode.",
author = "Wenger, {M. A.} and Engel, {B. T.} and Clemens, {T. L.}",
year = "1957",
doi = "10.1002/bs.3830020304",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "216--221",
journal = "Systems Research and Behavioral Science",
issn = "1092-7026",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Studies of autonomic response patterns

T2 - Rationale and methods

AU - Wenger, M. A.

AU - Engel, B. T.

AU - Clemens, T. L.

PY - 1957

Y1 - 1957

N2 - This report briefly summarizes the results of eighteen years of research on the measurement of autonomic functions in human subjects during rest, and presents a discussion of hypotheses and methodology for the study of autonomic response patterns. Most of the report is devoted to a discussion of instrumentation and methods of measurement employed in current investigations. The following variables are measured: electrical resistance of palmar skin; respiration rate; finger, face, and axillary temperatures; heart rate, potentials and rhythms; changes in finger and leg blood volume; systolic and diastolic blood pressures; stroke volume of the heart; pupillary diameter; stomach and lower bowel motility; salivary output; and selected muscle action potentials. Most responses are amplified and recorded continuously and simultaneously by means of chopper type Offner amplifiers. Pupillary diameter and systolic and diastolic blood pressure are time sampled; the former by means of a Bolex motion picture camera, the latter by means of a Gilson automatic blood pressure recorder. Stomach motility is recorded continuously by means of a new method—a magnetometer which remotely detects the movements of a small ingested magnet. Lower bowel motility is recorded by a bipolar electrode.

AB - This report briefly summarizes the results of eighteen years of research on the measurement of autonomic functions in human subjects during rest, and presents a discussion of hypotheses and methodology for the study of autonomic response patterns. Most of the report is devoted to a discussion of instrumentation and methods of measurement employed in current investigations. The following variables are measured: electrical resistance of palmar skin; respiration rate; finger, face, and axillary temperatures; heart rate, potentials and rhythms; changes in finger and leg blood volume; systolic and diastolic blood pressures; stroke volume of the heart; pupillary diameter; stomach and lower bowel motility; salivary output; and selected muscle action potentials. Most responses are amplified and recorded continuously and simultaneously by means of chopper type Offner amplifiers. Pupillary diameter and systolic and diastolic blood pressure are time sampled; the former by means of a Bolex motion picture camera, the latter by means of a Gilson automatic blood pressure recorder. Stomach motility is recorded continuously by means of a new method—a magnetometer which remotely detects the movements of a small ingested magnet. Lower bowel motility is recorded by a bipolar electrode.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982330446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84982330446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/bs.3830020304

DO - 10.1002/bs.3830020304

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 216

EP - 221

JO - Systems Research and Behavioral Science

JF - Systems Research and Behavioral Science

SN - 1092-7026

IS - 3

ER -