Structure of the AlaX-M trans-editing enzyme from Pyrococcus horikoshii

Ryuya Fukunaga, Shigeyuki Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The editing domain of alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AlaRS) contributes to high-fidelity aminoacylation by hydrolyzing (editing) the incorrect products Ser-tRNAAla and Gly-tRNAAla (cis-editing). The AlaX protein shares sequence homology to the editing domain of AlaRS. There are three types of AlaX proteins, with different numbers of amino-acid residues (AlaX-S, AlaX-M and AlaX-L). In this report, AlaX-M from Pyrococcus horikoshii is shown to deacylate Ser-tRNAAla and Gly-tRNAAla (trans-editing). The crystal structure of P. horikoshii AlaX-M has been determined at 2.7 Å resolution. AlaX-M consists of an N-terminal domain (N-domain) and a C-terminal domain (C-domain). A zinc ion is coordinated by the conserved zinc-binding cluster in the C-domain, which is expected to be the enzymatic active site. The glycine-rich motif, consisting of successive conserved glycine residues in the N-domain, forms a loop (the 'glycine-rich loop'). The glycine-rich loop is located near the active site and may be involved in substrate recognition and/or catalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-400
Number of pages11
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alanine
  • Aminoacylation
  • Editing
  • Fidelity
  • tRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology

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